Wednesday, September 20, 2017

Australogyra


Under construction 

Australogyra (Faviidae)

Welcome to the Australogyra genus landing page. In this section, you will find general information about this genus and tips on how to identify it. If you are looking to confirm an observation made with the Coral Finder, use the image browser below to identify a genus similar to what you saw underwater. Then choose one of the following links for further comparison with similar genera: Paraclavarina, or Hydnophora.


Vital Statistics

  • 1 species
  • Coral Finder p. 5
  • COTW – Vol 3 p.194

Distribution

Uncommon in the Indo-Pacific.

ID Tips

Australogyra forms branching thickets or smaller branched colonies.

The corallites are meandering forming short valleys with thick smooth walls that are wrapped around the branching growth form.  The result is an overall distinctive sculpted appearance.

The thick septa are characteristic of the Faviidae family.

Similar Genera

The Coral Finder lists Australogyra in one key group with Paraclavarina and Hydnophora, being possible candidates for confusion.

Similar genera to Australogyra (Coral Finder p8)

Australogyra can be confused with Paraclavarina but are easily separated by the deeper valleys and thicker walls typical of Australogyra. The branches of Paraclavarina have a more faceted look and a triangular cross-section. Hydnophora forms similar branching growth forms but can be clearly distinguished by its skeletal bumps, or ‘monticules’.  Australogyra doesn’t have any similar bumps.

Australogyra

Similar genus: Paraclavarina

Similar genus: Hydnophora

Ecology

Taxonomic Changes

Learning Resources

Coral Hub

  • Faviidae family page

Links

Suggested Reading – Identification Tools

  • Huang, D. W., Meier, R., Todd, P. A., & Chou, L. M. (2009). More evidence for pervasive paraphyly in scleractinian corals: Systematic study of Southeast Asian Faviidae (Cnidaria; Scleractinia) based on molecular and morphological data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 50(1), 102-116.
  • Veron, J. E. N. (1985). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. Sydney: Angus and Robertson.
  • Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World. Melbourne: Australian Institute of Marine Science.
  • Veron, J. E. N., Pichon, M., & Wijsman-Best, M. (1977). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia.  Part 2, Families Faviidae, Trachyphyllidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series, III, 233.
  • Wijsman-Best, M. (1972). Systematics and ecology of New Caldedonian Faviidae (Coelenterata Scleractinia). Bijdragen Dierkunde, 42, 1-90.
  • Wijsman-Best, M. (1976). Biological results of the Snellius Expedition.  XXVII Faviidae collected by the Snellius Expedition.  II The genera Favites, Goniastrea, Platygyra, Oulophyllia, Leptoria, Hydnophora, and Caulastrea. Zoologische Mededelingen, 50, 45-63.

Suggested Reading – Other Topics

  • Chen, C. L. A. (1999). Analysis of scleractinian distribution in Taiwan indicating a pattern congruent with sea surface temperatures and currents: Examples from Acropora and Faviidae corals. Zoological Studies, 38(2), 119-129.