Saturday, August 19, 2017

Learning pathway

Coral identification can be confusing for beginners.  That is why we created the Coral Hub and its associated resources – the Coral Finder Toolki7 2.0. What follows is our recommended recipe for cutting through the confusion and building your coral identification capacity.

Recommended Learning Pathway

Learn to see the genera and the species will come

Corals vary in shape, form and texture in response to their physical environment.  This means many of the hundreds of coral species may exhibit more than one growth form. For the beginner this is overwhelming.  Our approach is to first show you how to recognize coral genera, regardless of the growth form shown by their species. A solid visual understanding of genus level characters breaks the back of the problem. Then, using the Coral Finder’s built-in cross referencing system, you can look up your coral in Corals of the World to familiarise yourself with species.

Identification workflow:

Outlined below is our approach to the basics of coral identification. The Coral Finder acts as a translator between the observations you make underwater and formal scientific knowledge.  This is how it works:

  1. Record your coral observations underwater using the Coral Finder noting the Coral Finder page number and the genus name.  If possible take 2 photos – wide angle and close up using a scale bar.
  2. After your dive use the reference code (next to the genus name in the Coral Finder) to explore your IDs in Corals  of the World. Note: The three-volume Corals  of the World reference series is becoming increasingly out of date and will be replaced by an online version (, due in 2015.

Learning workflow:

So how do you get to the point where you are confident to carry out the above identification workflow?  The best way is to attend a Coral Finder Workshop because they provide mentorship to go with the tools we are about to describe.  However the motivated person can easily teach themselves the basics using the following learning pathway:

  1. Read the How to Use & Glossary sections of the Coral Finder.
  2. Watch the Coral Finder Toolkit training movies (English Edition) or the Bahasa Indonesia Edition.
  3. Watch the 3 Coral Finder Toolkit revision movies.
  4. Get some field experience and practice the identification workflow outlined above.
  5. Repeat steps 1, 2 and 3 at least once so to pick up the subtleties you missed first time round.
  6. Get more field experience.
  7. Once you have the basics under control you might consider just using the 3 Coral Finder Toolkit revision movies before field work as a warm up tool.
  8. Better yet use the Self Testing resources provided.
  9. Finally, go to Corals of the World ( and start tracing you coral genus ID’s back to species level, due in the first half 2015.
  10. Attend a Coral Finder Workshop – the expert tuition provided in these workshops distills and transfers decades of knowledge in a very short time frame.  It’s the a great way too mature your understanding.
  11. Attend a Coral Finder Trainer Workshop to upgrade your skills and receive the Coral Finder Trainer’s package. Email us for details! enquiry [ at ]

Time spent underwater is priceless

Your first dive or snorkel looking at corals on an Indo Pacific reef is one of the great experiences of  the natural world.  It can also be mind blowing for anyone trying to learn coral identification.  The key message is to keep diving – yes, you will be daunted at first but the good news is that you already have the ultimate tool for solving this confusion – the human brain.  Our brain and eyes are the most powerful visual super-computer system ever devised and can easily solve the basic problem of recognizing coral genera given a few conceptual handles to hang on to.  The Coral Finder Toolkit provide those handles in the form of a graded learning pathway for the beginner to intermediate learner.  But as we all come learn there is a great difference between book learning and the real world – so dive, dive dive and the cargo will come!  Note: looking at corals in an aquarium can be very instructive but also misleading for beginners. Many corals grown in marine aquaria show unusual or distorted growth forms and colours that do not reflect what you will see in the field.  Don’t let that stop you from using these specimens as a powerful learning resource, but once you gain more field experience you will come to see how different looking aquarium raised corals can be.